Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through History

Explore the extraordinary past of Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through the pages of the book 'Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through History.' Uncover political events, economic development, and cultural heritage of these Banat towns through richly documented stories. Follow the evolution from the earliest days to the present, delving into the intricate threads of political intrigues, economic transformations, and cultural ascensions. Experience the past through the eyes of the author as the pages of the book unfold before you, providing a unique perspective on the life and legacy of these significant locales.

Prehistory

Novi Becej is situated in the part of the Pannonian Plain, once a Roman province during the Roman Empire. The formation of the Pannonian Plain is linked to the evolution of the Eurasian mountain system, specifically the Carpathians. Before the Alps and Carpathians, this area was covered by the Mediterranean Sea. With the emergence of the Alps and the Dinaric Mountains, the connection to the Mediterranean was severed, and the Pannonian Plain became a continental sea - the so-called Sarmatian Sea.

As the Carpathians formed, a continental lake, known as the Pannonian or Pontic Sea (similar to today's Caspian Sea), emerged, disconnecting from other seas. The Panonian Sea, a western part of the larger Paretitis Sea stretching from the Alps to Turkestan in Asia, eventually turned into a freshwater Levantine lake due to geological shifts and sedimentation.

The Panonian Sea, broadly speaking, existed approximately 30 million years ago and disappeared over 600,000 years ago. The remnants of this sea, a significant lake, persisted in the deepest parts of the Pannonian Plain, between the Danube and Tisza rivers, Banat, and isolated basins.

Vojvodina, a gently sloping plain, was influenced by rivers - Danube, Drava, Tisza, and Sava - once connected to the Levantine Lake (Panonian Sea). After the rivers withdrew into their channels, the region faced prolonged floods, impacting settlement. Marshes and swamps formed, creating challenging conditions for human survival. Despite floods, rivers attracted people, offering natural protection, migration routes, and economic benefits through fishing and transportation.

Human life in Vojvodina dates back to the Neolithic era, evidenced by numerous archaeological sites, including those around Novi Becej and Vranjevo. Notably, a mammoth skull found near Novi Becej in 1947 provides insight into the transition from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic era.

The Middle Neolithic period in the region is represented by the Vinča and Potisje cultures, extending from 3400 to 2800 BCE. The Potisje culture, situated along the Middle and Lower Tisza, is crucial for studying Novi Becej's prehistory.

Archaeological sites like Borđoš and Matejski Brod near Novi Becej and Vranjevo showcase artifacts from the late Neolithic to the transition from Neolithic to the Bronze Age. Matejski Brod, a well-known site, reveals a settlement with ruins, graves, ceramics, and tools spanning from the third millennium BCE to the 13th century CE.

Discoveries like a bronze-age deposit found by Bogdan Radonić in 1951 near Novi Becej contribute to understanding the region's artisanal history. Borđoš exhibits prehistoric settlements, revealing a mixture of Potisje and Vinča cultures during the Late Stone Age and a Bronze Age settlement with associated burial sites.

These findings, including objects from Novi Becej and Vranjevo, are preserved in numerous museums, both in the country and abroad.

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