One hundred years of the Agricultural Cooperative "Vranjevo" in Novi Bečej: History and heritage

Discover the rich and diverse past of the Agricultural Cooperative 'Vranjevo' in Novi Bečej through the hundred-year experience of the community that shaped the rural economy. Read about its founding, changes over time, challenges and achievements, and how it influenced the life and work of peasants. Find out more about significant events, personalities and documents that bear witness to her priceless legacy that still shapes the local community today. This collection of texts provides an insight into the permanent commitment of cooperative members, their contribution to rural development and the lasting value of the "Vranjevo" Cooperative in Novi Bečej.

Cooperatives in Novi Becej after World War II

Cooperatives in Novi Becej after World War II

In the period after World War II in Yugoslav agriculture, there were several cooperative forms, and their characteristics were determined by the political and economic system, the level of economic development, and the goals of agricultural and rural development. There were still procurement and sales cooperatives, characteristic of the period immediately after the war, due to the general shortage of industrial and agricultural products. Goods were distributed administratively, and through these cooperatives, industrial products were distributed evenly and fairly in rural areas to curb illegal trade.

The transformation of these cooperatives led to the emergence of general agricultural cooperatives that expanded their activities to agricultural production, trade, and processing of agricultural products. After that period, there was a reorganization, and peasant work cooperatives were formed, following the model of kolkhozes in the Soviet Union. These peasant work cooperatives based their activities on collective work and the use of common machinery, tools, and livestock. However, these cooperatives did not strengthen as expected and did not adhere to the basic cooperative principles. Common property was used irrationally, and production became extensive instead of intensive. By 1953, there was a reorganization and dissolution of peasant work cooperatives.

From 1957, the concept of cooperatives underwent socialist transformation in agriculture. Cooperative members were no longer voluntary peasant-cooperators but became permanently employed workers and agricultural cooperators. From 1957 to 1965, these general agricultural cooperatives played a crucial role in rural development by intensifying agricultural production on the land of farmers, and through cooperation, many innovations reached the farmers.

Between 1965 and 1974, with the introduction of economic and social reforms, cooperatives faced economic challenges, and their numbers decreased through integration with other organizations or mergers. After 1974, the number of cooperative organizations increased, but by the period 1978-1982, there were no cooperatives in Vojvodina. After 1989, there was a resurgence of cooperatives, and basic and working organizations were reorganized into cooperatives. Since 1989, cooperative governance has been carried out by assemblies and boards of directors. A similar developmental path was observed in cooperatives in Novi Becej.

Novi Becej and Vranjevo were liberated from occupation on October 5, 1944. The revival of the Agricultural Cooperative occurred relatively quickly after that, as evidenced by the Employee Register, which is still kept in the Agricultural Cooperative Vranjevo. According to the data in the existing sections of the Register, Ljubomir Solarov was one of the first to be employed in the Cooperative. He was appointed on February 2, 1945. Professionally, he was an economic commercialist, coming from a family, and the Cooperative job was his first, having completed four years of elementary school. He was born in Volosinovo (Vranjevo) on April 15, 1902. The position he held, called economic assistant, had a basic salary of 3,300 dinars.

In addition to the oldest Register No. I, covering the period from 1945 to April 10, 1954, several other registers can be used to track the number of employees in the Agricultural Cooperative Vranjevo. There is an unsealed Register maintained from January 1, 1954, to August 1, 1955, with 176 names of employees. Register II covers the period from May 1, 1954, to September 15, 1959. A special register covers January 1, 1954, to August 1, 1955. Register III was filled from October 1, 1959, to June 27, 1960, and Register IV was maintained from January 1, 1961, to September 22, 1969.

Additionally, there is a Register of the Peasant Workers' Cooperative "Vojvodina" Novi Becej, kept from October 1, 1958, to September 1, 1960, with 537 names of employees. The Register of the Peasant Workers' Cooperative "Bora Glavaski" covers January 1, 1955, to October 13, 1960, with 153 names of employees. The Register titled "Butcher Shop" was maintained from April 1, 1958, to June 30, 1973, with 40 names. After the reorganization of cooperatives and the creation of joint organizations, the Register of the Basic Organization of Associated Labor "Cooperation" was kept from January 1, 1974, to March 5, 1976, with 127 names of employed workers. Organizational matters and changes will be discussed further in the text.

A document dated February 8, 1946, is preserved in the archive of the Agricultural Cooperative in Vranjevo, indicating that the First Serbian Agricultural Cooperative in Vranjevo changed its name and became the Workers-Appointed Procurement-Consumer Cooperative S.O.J. Novi Becej - Vranjevo (RNNP Cooperative). Žarko Nikšić, as the president of this Cooperative, received information that a meeting of the Administrative Board (AB) and the Supervisory Board (SB) of the RNNP Cooperative was held on February 2, 1946, raising the issue of establishing a County Cooperative with headquarters in Novi Becej. The County Conference was supposed to be held on February 10, 1946, and the delegates from the RNNP Cooperative in Vranjevo were supposed to be: Žarko Nikšić, the current president of the Cooperative, Joca Kiselički, AB member, Tima Stanković, SB member, Mile Tomić, AB member, Sava Grujić, AB member, Jožef Bečeji, AB member, Dobrivoj Pajić, SB member. The members of the Working Board of this Cooperative who would present the report to the County Conference were: Janoš Hajdu and Mile Tomić from Novi Becej, and from Vranjevo, Branko Petrović and Dragoljub Sandin. There is no data in the archive regarding how many members the RNNP Cooperative Novi Becej - Vranjevo operated with.

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