Heroic struggle and resistance: Anti-fascist spirit in Banat 1941–1945

National liberation struggle, organized resistance and courage: A look at the anti-fascist movement in Banat during the Second World War. An investigation of the geographical, political and social conditions that shaped the struggle against the Nazi occupation, with an emphasis on the role of partisan units, local cooperation and the challenges of the lack of war materials. A depiction of the heroism and sacrifices of young fighters in the fight for freedom and justice.

Svetozar Marković Toza (1913–1943)

Toza Marković is one of the most significant inspirators and propagandists of the People's Liberation Movement in Vojvodina. He was born on July 13, 1913, in Taraš, into a poor family. He attended high school in Petrovgrad, but due to a lack of funds, he interrupted his education and went to Tuzla, where he found employment as a miner in the Kreka mine.

Svetozar Marković Toza (1913–1943)However, his lungs soon became ill, so he returned to Banat, specifically to Stajićevo, and joined the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPY) in 1935. He quickly distinguished himself as a trade union leader of workers and day laborers. He collaborated intensively with Zrenjanin, and in 1939, he became the secretary of the District Committee of the CPY for the northern Banat. Like most prominent communists of that time, he was arrested and tortured several times. From the beginning of the uprising, he was constantly on the move, often traveling with Zrenjanin from party cell to party cell, connecting Banat and Bačka with his work. He founded and edited the magazines "Istina" and "Slobodna Vojvodina". The Hungarian police discovered a base where Marković and Branko Bajić were located, and they offered armed resistance. Toza was captured and tortured for a long time before being hanged on February 9, 1943. He was declared a national hero on December 5, 1944. Several schools in Vojvodina are named after him.

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