Heroic struggle and resistance: Anti-fascist spirit in Banat 1941–1945

National liberation struggle, organized resistance and courage: A look at the anti-fascist movement in Banat during the Second World War. An investigation of the geographical, political and social conditions that shaped the struggle against the Nazi occupation, with an emphasis on the role of partisan units, local cooperation and the challenges of the lack of war materials. A depiction of the heroism and sacrifices of young fighters in the fight for freedom and justice.

Bora Mikin (1909-1942)

Bora Mikin was a renowned fighter and partisan commander in Banat. He was born in 1909 in Melenci, into a prosperous farming family. After elementary school, he stayed on the estate at his father's insistence and engaged in fieldwork. As his hometown was largely inclined towards leftist ideas (many people from this area were participants in the October Revolution in Russia).

Bora MikinBora quickly familiarized himself with Marxist thought and became a member of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (KPJ) in 1936. Despite his family owning a considerable amount of land, he organized the farmers into a union, spread communist ideas among them, and encouraged them to fight more intensively for their rights. He was often called to military exercises, which did not deter him from advocating for the KPJ. As a result, he was arrested in 1939 and sentenced to one year in prison by a military court. Since he was stripped of his civil rights on that occasion, he was not obligated to respond to mobilization during the April War. Nevertheless, he volunteered with a group of comrades. As the Kingdom of Yugoslavia quickly surrendered, he returned to Melenci and immediately became active as a district commissioner of the KPJ and organizer of partisan units.

During July 1941, his unit carried out several bold actions, the most significant being the attack on the gendarmerie station and municipality in Melenci. Following this, there was an attack on the municipality of Bašaid. Together with his fighters, he attacked places on the border with Romania and inflicted losses on Romanian forces in Srpska Crnja. From the autumn of 1941, he was in hiding and worked on recruiting new members of the movement and reorganizing partisan units. Although he moved skillfully despite intense pursuit, Bora fell victim to betrayal at the end of November 1942. Three teams of agents and members of the Wehrmacht prepared an ambush for him. Bora Mikin resisted, wounding one agent and bravely dying on November 26, 1942. He was proclaimed a national hero on July 7, 1953.

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