Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through History

Explore the extraordinary past of Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through the pages of the book 'Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through History.' Uncover political events, economic development, and cultural heritage of these Banat towns through richly documented stories. Follow the evolution from the earliest days to the present, delving into the intricate threads of political intrigues, economic transformations, and cultural ascensions. Experience the past through the eyes of the author as the pages of the book unfold before you, providing a unique perspective on the life and legacy of these significant locales.

Peasant Rebellions and the Uprising of Doge György

In contrast to the working class, which was led by trade unions or guild organizations during its formative period, peasants lacked leaders. Revolts and resistance against the oppression and ruthless exploitation by the nobility or the state occurred spontaneously, making each of their successes, although rare, all the more significant.

What united and made peasants solidary in these uprisings was their equally harsh conditions and the collective resistance and defense against their oppressors. Fundamentally, these rebellions do not differ from workers' strikes and uprisings because the root cause, exploitation, and resistance against it, remains the same. This has been the motivation for all uprisings throughout history, including those in the era of slavery led by the Gracchi brothers or Spartacus in Rome.

Hungary was known for its struggles for the throne, starting from the 14th century after the extinction of the Árpád dynasty, until its disintegration due to the Ottoman Turks and the Battle of Mohács in 1526.

The fight for the throne worsened the already difficult situation of peasants and contributed to the outbreak of the largest uprising in the history of Hungary, the uprising of the so-called "kuruc" (crusaders) in 1514.

The Crusade against the Muslims, declared by Pope Leo X, was particularly popular among peasants because it promised those who joined the crusader army liberation from serfdom. Consequently, peasants flocked to the crusader army in masses, causing fear among the nobility that they would be left without a workforce. As a result, they demanded that King Vladislaus take immediate action against the Turks.

The king ordered the leader of the popular army, Doge György, who had gathered around 40,000 kurucs under his leadership, to march immediately against the Turks. Instead of advancing against the Turks, a peasant uprising erupted. The crusader units transformed into a revolutionary army under the leadership of Doge György, who proved himself not only as an experienced military commander but also as a true leader of the peasant masses.

Doge sent out calls across Hungary, urging peasants to join the uprising, kill nobles, and destroy their estates, as he proclaimed, "They will slaughter you like dogs and put you in agony."

Peasants in Novi Bečej responded to Doge György's call, and in 1514, they captured the fortress. The uprising was brutally suppressed by Jovan Zapolja, the voivode of Transylvania.

The magnitude of the uprising forced the nobility to unite and organize for its suppression. The rebellion was crushed, Doge was wounded, captured, subjected to severe torture, and killed.

The merciless retaliation of the nobility cost the lives of tens of thousands of peasants. Not only were the participants in the uprising exterminated, but their families also suffered the most horrific torments and tortures. After this victory, a law was enacted that deprived peasants of their freedom of movement and subjected them entirely to their masters.

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