Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through History

Explore the extraordinary past of Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through the pages of the book 'Novi Bečej and Vranjevo through History.' Uncover political events, economic development, and cultural heritage of these Banat towns through richly documented stories. Follow the evolution from the earliest days to the present, delving into the intricate threads of political intrigues, economic transformations, and cultural ascensions. Experience the past through the eyes of the author as the pages of the book unfold before you, providing a unique perspective on the life and legacy of these significant locales.

Allocation of Land to Individual Families

As previously emphasized, the land in Banat belonged to the emperor, who granted it as an inheritance. The eldest son inherited the land, compensating his brothers with 3/4 of the redemption value. The land ownership was divided based on the size of the family, consisting of whole, half, and quarter sessions. According to Kempele's plan, a whole session in Banat amounted to 37 acres, including 24 acres of arable land, one acre of garden and yard, 6 acres of meadows, and six acres of hillocks, totaling 37 acres or "lanacs" (the local term). A half session comprised 21 acres (lanacs) arranged as 12—1—4—4 acres, while a quarter session had 13 acres arranged as 6—1—3—3.

To ensure proper cultivation of the land, it was stipulated that anyone who failed to cultivate the allotted land within two years would have their ownership reduced to the next lower level. If one had a whole session, it would be reduced to half, and if they possessed a half session, it would be reduced to a quarter session.

Roman Catholic priests were assigned two house plots (two acres) and two acres of meadows, while Orthodox priests received only one acre (plot), and deacons half an acre of land.

Considering that each village was designated to have one tavern and one butcher shop, these establishments were also allocated one plot of one acre each. Craftsmen were entitled to half an acre of land.

It is interesting to note that Serbs and Romanians were allocated a whole session of land regardless of family size, provided that it was all cultivated within six months. Failure to do so would result in a reduction to the first lower level. This was justified by the fact that Serbs and Romanians were experienced farmers compared to newly settled colonists, living in communal households and having sufficient labor resources.

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