Diversity and Wealth of the Municipality of Novi Bečej: Geographic Monograph with Overview of Natural Characteristics, Population, Economy, and Settlements

Explore the deeply rooted natural charms and economic potentials of the Municipality of Novi Bečej through a comprehensive geographical monograph. Familiarize yourself with fascinating aspects of the terrain, geology, climate, water bodies, flora, and fauna, while simultaneously delving into vibrant settlements and diverse industries. This informative book provides valuable insights into the richness of this unique Vojvodina region, offering a broad spectrum of information useful for education, regional planning, and preserving local identity.

Development of fruit growing and viticulture on the Pearl Island

Development of fruit growing and viticulture on the Pearl Island

Slightly undulating terrain, loose soil, and appropriate climatic conditions in certain parts of the Novi Becej sub-region provide favorable natural conditions for the development of fruit growing and viticulture. Despite this, these two branches of economy have not yet come close to achieving their potential development.

On Biserno Island, which represents a characteristic agroecological locality long known for quality fruit and grapes, larger-scale production of these crops is organized on a communal farm. Production on individual estates is limited to smaller plots around settlements and gardens within settlements, thus assuming local significance. Plantation orchards and vineyards on Biserno Island are within the irrigation system and can be irrigated as needed, enabling intensive production and above-average yields.

Plantation crops in the communal sector are the drivers of modern market fruit and grape production. Approximately 100 hectares of orchards produce an average of 1,500 tons of fruit annually, mostly apples and pears. Plantation vineyards on Biserno Island cover about 25 hectares, predominantly featuring wine varieties, primarily muscat, krokan, and Italian Riesling, while table grapes are grown in significantly smaller quantities. The Socially Owned Enterprise "Sokolac" produced 2,750 cubic meters of grapes, around 7,800 liters of brandy, and approximately 168,500 liters of wine in 1978 (of which 66,000 liters were of the well-known krokan variety). This significant fruit-growing and viticultural center also houses a larger cellar with a capacity of around 20 wagons, which currently meets production needs.

Vineyards on individual estates are located in the coastal areas of the Tisa River and in the Veliki Pesak area, but the volume of production in economic terms is very modest and negligible. These vineyards primarily meet the own needs of private owners for fresh table grapes, wine, and brandy.

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