Municipality of Novi Bečej, heir of the Faro Convention

In the spirit of shared heritage: Exploration and preservation of the cultural heritage of the Municipality of Novi Bečej alongside the significance of European heritage. This section represents a thorough analysis of the cultural treasures that adorn our municipality, while emphasizing its connection to the broader European context. Discover the rich tradition, architectural beauty, and cultural events that shape the identity of our community as we explore how heritage and innovation can together enrich our future. Through diverse texts, we delve into not only the wealth of heritage surrounding us but also the ways in which we preserve, revitalize, and share it with the world, bridging the past, present, and future.

Old Center of Vranjevo
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The spatial cultural-historical entity "Old Center of Vranjevo"

In early 2014, the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments in Zrenjanin completed the drafting of a Proposal for the Decision on the determination of the ambient unit of the old center of Vranjevo as the Spatial Cultural-Historical Entity "Old Center of Vranjevo" in Novi Bečej. After two years of research work on valorizing each individual object within the entity, defining its boundaries, as well as its protected surroundings, the Proposal for the Decision was sent in early 2014 to the Republic Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments in Belgrade for further processing. The act of declaring this entity a cultural asset is made by the Government of the Republic of Serbia.

The spatial cultural-historical entity "Old Center of Vranjevo" is located in the northern part of Novi Bečej, on the left bank of the Tisa River. This valuable and significant environment possesses urbanistic, architectural-stylistic, and cultural-historical values. In the past, it marked the center of the cultural and spiritual life of Serbs in northern Banat, as part of the Austrian and Austro-Hungarian Empires in the 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries. With its valuable architectural heritage and the history of the place recording the most important events within the Velikokikinda District (1774-1876), it is an example of a clearly defined geographical and spiritual space of a people and best testifies to their need to preserve national, religious, political, and cultural identity.

The spatial cultural-historical entity "Old Center of Vranjevo" consists of the streets Rajka Rakočevića, Josifa Marinkovića, and Svetozara Markovića. The houses in the main street of Josifa Marinkovića are mostly ground-level, built mainly during the 19th century up to the First World War, with preserved authentic appearance and parceling.

The protected ambient unit together with its surroundings encompasses six building blocks. Within the boundaries of the cultural-historical entity, there are six objects of special cultural and historical significance, twenty-one objects of value, and one object of value in the protected environment. The total area of the spatial cultural-historical entity is 4 hectares, 24 acres, and 76 square meters. The area of the protected surroundings is 4 hectares, 29 acres, and 46 square meters. The total protected area is 8 hectares, 54 acres, and 22 square meters.
General and special protection measures have been defined for all recorded objects within the boundaries of the protected entity, together with its surroundings, providing guidelines for their further preservation.

Important events in the cultural history of Vranjevo from the mid-19th century include the founding of the amateur theater company in 1860, later the first Serbian professional theater. From it, in 1861, the Serbian National Theater in Novi Sad was founded. Then the establishment of the Serbian Reading Room in 1879, the Singing Society, and the organization of other societies and associations that contributed to the development of Serbian culture through their activities.

Certainly, the cultural progress of this place was contributed to by native Vranjevo residents, such as Jovan Knežević Caca (1818-1863), who founded the first Serbian professional theater in Vranjevo from an amateur company, and acting became his only profession, Draginja Ružić Popović (1834-1903), the first Serbian professional actress, Arsen Pecarski (1890-1942), director, actor, organizer, and leader of the amateur theater company "Napredak" from 1901 to 1941, Dr. Jene Sentklarai (1843-1925), scientist and academic, corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and member of the Serbian Learned Society, Josif Marinković (1851-1931), composer, conductor, choir leader, music professor, and corresponding member of the Serbian Royal Academy of Sciences since 1907, Dr. Sava Janković (1887-1942), head of the radiology department at the General State Hospital in Belgrade, and Dr. Vladimir Glavaš (1834-1909), doctor of legal sciences and great philanthropist.

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