Municipality of Novi Bečej, heir of the Faro Convention

In the spirit of shared heritage: Exploration and preservation of the cultural heritage of the Municipality of Novi Bečej alongside the significance of European heritage. This section represents a thorough analysis of the cultural treasures that adorn our municipality, while emphasizing its connection to the broader European context. Discover the rich tradition, architectural beauty, and cultural events that shape the identity of our community as we explore how heritage and innovation can together enrich our future. Through diverse texts, we delve into not only the wealth of heritage surrounding us but also the ways in which we preserve, revitalize, and share it with the world, bridging the past, present, and future.

Collaboration of Experts and Local Government in Protecting the Rich Heritage of the Municipality of Novi Bečej

With its number of protected cultural heritage sites, the Municipality of Novi Bečej ranks among the top municipalities in the Central Banat region. Since its establishment in 2004, the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments in Zrenjanin has been involved in the evaluation, protection, and presentation of the rich architectural heritage of this municipality, which includes not only Novi Bečej but also Kumane, Novo Miloševo, and Bočar. These activities have been successful due to the support and cooperation of local government authorities, the broader community, and significant contributions from individuals.

Many have recognized that cultural heritage embodies values highlighting local specificities, cultural diversities, and the unique identity of a people, regardless of the time and place of its origin. Therefore, the preservation and protection of this heritage have become a shared priority for all, both those living in its immediate vicinity and the experts whose job is to protect immovable cultural heritage.

One important aspect of presenting the architectural heritage of the Municipality of Novi Bečej is the publication of popular editions about individual cultural monuments. These publications help to popularize these structures by highlighting their most important architectural, cultural, and historical values. These values are symbols of the past, revealing many facts about the lifestyle and customs of people in today's AP Vojvodina, even though many cultural monuments, except for church buildings, have completely lost their original function over time.

The monographic edition "The House of Vladimir Glavaš in Vranjevo - Memorial Museum" (2012) was the first in a series of published works on cultural monuments located in this area. This building represents secular architecture from a small yet wealthy community that did not lack renowned intellectuals. Educated abroad, at the university centers of Southeast Europe, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, these individuals brought back to their hometowns the progressive European spirit of the second half of the 19th century. Figures like Dr. Vladimir Glavaš tried to help their fellow citizens with their ideas and material support, setting personal examples in their way of life and work.

In addition to the houses of wealthier citizens, their palaces, summer houses, and castles (notable ones in the municipality include: the Sokolac Castle near Novi Bečej, the Gedeon Rohonczy Castle on the Pearl Island, the Karačonji Castle in Novo Miloševo, the Alajos Bayer Castle, and the Bajic Manor in Bočar), many church buildings - Orthodox and Roman Catholic temples - have also been preserved. In this relatively small area, a total of fourteen have been recorded, including the medieval basilica Arača, with more than half declared protected cultural monuments.

A special segment is represented by vernacular architecture and technical cultural objects, which are indispensable elements of rural environments. A publication promoting this type of heritage was published under the title "Architectural Heritage of Novo Miloševo" (2013).

The Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments in Zrenjanin will continue its activities related to the protection and further popularization of the architectural heritage of the Municipality of Novi Bečej. Recently, one significant activity was the preparation and drafting of decisions to declare two spatial cultural-historical units: "Old Center of Vranjevo" and "Center of Novi Bečej". This task was successfully completed in collaboration with the municipal administration, which recognized the importance and significance of these units for their future preservation and protection.

Particular mention should be made of Dragan Rauski, a civil engineer employed in urban planning and environmental protection, whose dedication and support in preparing the accompanying documentation for these projects have ensured smooth progress and mutual satisfaction in the protection of cultural heritage in this municipality.

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